BIOHABITABILITY

What does the word biohabitability means?

The term biohabitability was coined by Mariano Bueno in 1991. This were his words in 2006 in the International Congress of Health and Habitat held in Barcelona:

“Biohabitability refers to those parameters needed to make a house healthy for the inhabitants and for the environment”.

When we think about the concept of healthy home, it is applicable to the building of a new house and for a building renovation.

Decalogue of the healthy house and Biohabitability Criteria

According to GEA, Association for Geobiological Studies

1.- HOUSING AND ENVIRONMENT

Choosing the location of the housing, environmentally more favourable, and positive urban integration according to the local architecture and environment (countryside, village, city…). Likewise, outdoors areas in good conditions take precedence, but also a bountiful vegetation (wooded areas, parks…).

2.- OVERALL ASSESSMENT OF THE RISK FACTORS RELATED TO DWELLING

Noise and sound pollution, electromagnetic pollution sources (high-voltage power lines, electrical substations, transformers, mobile phones or telecommunication antennas), but also environmental pollution sources (dumping sites, polluting industries, incinerators…), which makes a housing healthy for the inhabitants, because of being located in a healthy environment.

Bhital · Salud Ambiental & Medicina Biológica

3.- GEOBIOLOGICAL STUDY OF THE BUILDING LOCATION

Especially of the long term stay spaces (bedroom, workplace…), avoiding the areas with a high terrestrial radiation, telluric and geophysical alterations and crossing of energy lines. We should choose favourable areas for health and life.

4.- ABSENCE OF ELECTRICAL OR ELECTROMAGNETIC POLLUTION INDOOR

Avoid proximity to electromagnetic pollution sources and make biocompatible electric installations in the dwelling (for example: shielding cables, correct grounding, automatic electric switch off systems…)

5.- BIO-CONSTRUCTION CRITERIA

Bioclimatic design, that take advantage of nature’s resources, to air-condition the building. Reasoned choice of building systems and materials, where efficient, comfortable, healthy and ecological materials take precedence. Energy saving and use of clean and renewable energy prevail.

6.- CLEAN AND ECOLOGIC MATERIALS

Choosing materials, like paints, finishes, furniture and decorative elements, according to biocompatibility and environmental respectful (ecological) criteria. Materials must support the inhabitant’s health, be breathable, low radiation emission and lacking in potencially toxic chemicals.

7.- INDOOR AIR QUALITY

Mantain a constant indoor air renewal and a suitable ionization. Avoid the introduction in the housing of building or decoration elements, and of cleaning products, especially if their include potentially toxic substances for the health and environment. In conclusion, choosing soft and non-agressive chemicals. Make full use of indoor air purification plants.

8.- NATURAL LIGHTING

It is important to point the building facades towards the sun. Choosing efficient lamps and artificial illumination systems, of low power consumption and high biological quality (full solar espectrum) is also important.

9.- OPTIMAL MANAGEMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES

Avoid an excessive household waste generation, with a reponsible consumption and a selective sorting os waste. Responsible water management (saving, recycling, ecological sanitation). Choose healthy foods of organic farming.

10.- RESPONSIBILITY OF THE DWELLING WITH LIFE, HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT

Promote housing designed, built or refurbished with conscience criteria and environmental responsibility. We should be aware of the involvement a housing has on the health of the inhabitants and as a risk and environmental impact factor. It is necessary that housing and worplaces meet minumum energetic hygiene criteria and implement progressively biohabitability criteria.

Bhital · Salud Ambiental & Medicina Biológica

25 PRINCIPLES OF THE BIOLOGY CONSTRCTION

Building Biology Institute
Habitat biology: bioconstruction stablish criteria for the configuration of a healthy vital environment , connected to nature, sustainable and beautiful. Ecological, economic and social aspects are considered in the choice of materials and in the desing of living spaces

INDOOR CLIMATE

01.- Reduce pollutant and irritant substances and provide enough fresh air.

02.- Reduce the amount of toxic fungi, yeasts and bacteria, as well as dust and other allergens.

03.- Use materials with neutral or pleasant odour.

04.- Minimize electromagnetic fields and high-frequency waves.

05.- Prioritize radiant heat for heating.

 

BUILDING MATERIAL AND EQUIPMENT

16.- Use natural materials, non-toxic and with low radiation

17.- Ensure a balanced ratio between thermic insulation and heat accumulation , and also between surface temperature and indoor air.

18.- Use hygroscopic materials.

19.- Minimize moisture content in the new works.

20.- Optimise the conditioning and sound insulation of the spaces (including infrasounds).

INTERIOR AND ARCHITECTURE DESIGN

06.- Observe harmonious proportions and forms.

07.- Stimulate sensory perception: sight, hearing, smell and touch.

08.- Favour lighting conditions and spectrum close to natural light and use flicker-free lamps.

09.- Consider physiology and ergonomic knowledges.

10.- Promote building culture, craft, local and regional.

ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY AND WATER

21.- Minimise the power consumption and use renewable sorces.

22.- When building or renovating, avoid negative impacts in the environment.

23.- Conserve the natural resources and protect flora and fauna.

24.- Favour local building systems , choose materials and life-cycle with the best ecological balance.

25.- Guarantee the most optimal quality of drinking water.

ECOSOCIAL HABITAT

11.- Design infrastructures with a combination of uses: for example, short distances to worplaces, public transport, schools, shops, etc.

12.- Favouriting a way of living to meet human needs and that protect the environment.

13.- Provide sufficient green spaces.

14.- Strengthen local self-sufficiency, participation of networks and local service providers.

15.- Select the location for the construction, that are not polluted by harmful residues, radiation sources, pollution and noise.

Bhital · Salud Ambiental & Medicina Biológica

Download the 25 principales of the
biohabitability in PDF Format

COLLABORATORS

Professionals who have in common commitment of helping to create healthy spaces, finding the stablishment of correct and balanced relations between the environment, the buildings, the environment and people’s health.

We have the purpose of designing buildings, offices, shops, etc. taking into account the biohabitability principles, like, for example, the use of natural and healthy materials, bioelectrical installation, mitigation of artificial electromagnetic fields, installation of air purification systems, gas radon analysis,etc to guarantee a healthy indoor environment.

  • BIOARCHITECTURE

  • CONSTRUCTION

  • LABORATORIES

  • ECOLOGIC MATERIALS

  • INSTALLERS

  • FENG SHUI

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